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Five Reasons I am Not a Fan of Time Outs
by Tina Bryson, PhD
Editor's Note from Shelly Phillips: I've read a lot about the dangers of using time outs and don't plan to use them with my child, but I know a lot of parents out there are confused about why time outs aren't recommended. This is the best article I've found that breaks the information down into the top five reasons not to use time out.
More and more, I find myself questioning time outs as an effective discipline strategy. I’ve written some about this already, but now I’d like to go into my reasons in a bit more depth.
I know lots of loving parents who use time outs as their primary discipline technique. I’m not saying that time outs are completely unhelpful; more that I don’t think they’re the best alternative we have when it comes to discipline—the goal of which, remember, is to teach.
Reasons I’m Not a Fan of Time-Outs:
#1. What we know about the brain.
Because I know that brain connections are formed from repeated experiences, I don’t want my kids’ repeated experience to be isolation, which they may view as rejection, when they’ve made a mistake.
What I DO want them to repeatedly experience is doing things the right way. So, instead of a time out, I’ll often ask my kids to practice good behavior. If they’re being disrespectful in their tone and communication, I might ask them to try it again and say it respectfully. If they’ve been mean to their brother, I might ask them to find three kind things to do for him before bedtime. That way, the repeated experience of positive behavior is getting wired in their brain.
#2. False advertising and missed opportunities.
What’s the point or the goal for a time out? It’s supposed to be for a child to calm down and reflect on his or her behavior. In my experience, time outs frequently just make children more angry . And how often do you think kids use their time out to reflect on their behavior? I’ve got news for you: The main thing they’re reflecting on is how mean parents are.
When they’re reflecting on their horrible luck to have such a mean, unfair parent, they’re missing out on an opportunity to have experiences of building insight, empathy, and problem-solving. Putting them in time out misses a chance for them to practice being active decision-makers who are empowered to figure things out. We want to give them practice at being problem-solvers, and at making good choices. You can do your kids a lot of good by simply asking, “What are you going to do to make it better and solve this problem?” Given the chance once they’re calm, they’ll usually do the right thing, and learn in the process.
#3. Time outs often aren’t linked to the misbehavior.
Usually, we want to choose consequences that are directly and logically connected to the misbehavior. Using a broom to whack the TV means the broom is put away until the child can make appropriate choices with it again. Riding a bike without a helmet means no riding for a few days.
Time outs, though, often don’t relate in any clear way to a child’s bad decision or out-of-control reaction. As a result, they’re often not as effective in terms of changing behavior.
#4. Time outs are too often used as punishment, as opposed to a teaching tool.
Even when parents have good intentions, time outs are often used inappropriately. The idea behind time outs is to give kids a chance to calm down and pull themselves together. Then they can move from their internal chaos into calm.
But much of the time, parents use time outs punitively. The goal isn’t to help the child return to her calm baseline, but to punish her for some misbehavior. The calming, teaching aspect of the consequence gets totally lost.
#5. Kids need connection.
Often, misbehavior is a result of a child inappropriately expressing a need or a big feeling. She may be hungry or tired, or maybe there’s some other reason she’s incapable in that moment of controlling herself and making a good decision.
Like, maybe she’s three, and her brain isn’t sophisticated enough to say, “Mother dear, I’m feeling frustrated that we’re out of my favorite juice, and I’d like to respectfully request that you put it on your grocery list.” So instead, doing her best to express her crushing disappointment, she begins throwing toys at you.
It’s during these times that she most needs our comfort and calm presence. Forcing her to go off and sit by herself can feel like abandonment to the child, especially if she’s feeling out of control already. It may even send the subtle message that when she isn’t perfect, you don’t want to be near her.
Again, if done appropriately with loving connection, such as sitting with the child and talking or comforting – often called a “time-in” – some time to calm down can be helpful for children. But there are often more nurturing and effective ways to respond to kids than to give them a time out.
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About the Author
Tina Payne Bryson, PhD is a psychotherapist at Pediatric and Adolescent Psychology Associates in Arcadia, California, where she sees children and adolescents, as well as provides parenting consultations. She speaks to parents, educators, and mental health professionals all across the country. Dr. Bryson earned her PhD from the University of Southern California, where her research explored attachment science, childrearing theory, and the emerging field of interpersonal neurobiology. Her book The Whole-Brain Child (Random House, 2011, co-authored with Dr. Dan Siegel) gives parents practical ways to transform difficult moments into opportunities for children to thrive. She lives near Los Angeles with her husband and three children. You can visit www.TinaBryson.com to learn more about Tina.